Now 36 seconds. That’s the barrier to breaking the 1-hour mark, which symbolizes the human limit in a marathon. Kelvin Kiptum, 24, of Kenya, ran the 42.195 kilometers in 2 hours, 00 minutes and 35 seconds at the 2023 Chicago Marathon in Chicago, U.S., on Aug. 8. He averaged 17.1 seconds over 100 meters. His time was 34 seconds faster than the 2:01:09 set by Eliud Kipchoge (39-KEN) at the Berlin Marathon last September.
Kipchoge has already broken the two-hour mark before. In 2019, he ran 1:59:40 at an event in Vienna, Austria, where the environment and structure were designed for the record. He didn’t set a start time, but watched the weather to make sure the humidity and temperature were right for running. I chose a time of day with low air resistance. During the run, the pacemakers ran in a V formation in front of the kipchoge. This acted as a windbreak. The International Association of Athletics Federations did not recognize the record because of this, but Kipchoge proclaimed that “the sky is the limit” and hoped that sooner or later he would achieve a “sub-2” (sub-2 hour time).
However, the rise of an exceptionally talented young athlete named Kipchoge reignited the record race. Kiptoom has been running half-marathons (21.0975 kilometers) for less than a year before making his full-course debut. He made his debut at the Valencia Marathon last December, clocking a stunning 2:01:53.
In April of this year, he broke the record again at the London Marathon in 2:01:25, which at the time was second on the all-time list behind Kipchoge, and in just his third appearance, he made marathon history. Last year’s Chicago Marathon winner Benson Kipruto (32-KEN) finished second in 2:04:02.
Kiptum grew up in Chepkorio, Kenya, raising sheep and goats. Chepkorio is a village at about 2550 meters above sea level. This proves the myth that people who grow up at high altitudes have superior cardiorespiratory fitness, which gives them an advantage in marathons. Jeffrey Kamwororor, 31, the 2017-2019 New York City Marathon winner and this year’s sub-2:04 marathoner, hails from the village.
Kipyum met Rwandan coach Jervé Hakizimana (36) and began training for the marathon in earnest. In 2018, he began competing in international half-marathons, but as the pandemic spread, he focused on training for a full marathon in Kenya, and as the pandemic slowly ended and marathons began to take place, he began to showcase his skills.
Kipchum is a relentless “practice bug. He runs 250 to 280 kilometers a week, sometimes more than 300. He has no other routine than eating, sleeping and running. Coach Hakijimana said, “If you keep doing this, your life will end prematurely. He really needs to take a month off,” said his coach. However, his recent form is at its peak, with no signs of fatigue even after intense training. Given that many world-class athletes have broken records past the age of 30, it seems likely that Kiptoom, born in 1999, will continue to improve.
The recent trend in world record breaking is encouraging. Kipchoge ran 2:01:39 in 2018 and rewrote the record last year, but Kiptoome broke it within a year. The sporting world’s attention is now focused on how far this limit can be pushed beyond the one-hour mark. In 1991, a sports scientist calculated the physiological maximum for marathoners, taking into account the three components of performance (maximal oxygen uptake, lactate threshold, and economic running), and came up with 1 hour, 57 minutes, and 58 seconds. The question is whether he can surpass it.
In the women’s race, Sifan Hassan (30-Netherlands) won in 2:13:44, a new meet record (previously 2:14:04) and the second-best time in women’s marathon history. Hassan, who has already won Olympic and World Championships in the middle and longer distances of the track, won the London Marathon in April this year in 2:18:33 on her first attempt at the full course, and then shaved 4:49 off her personal best in her second attempt at the full course.먹튀검증
For Korean marathoners, it’s not all sunshine and roses. After Lee Bong-joo set the Korean record in 2000 with a time of 2:07:20, no marathoner has beaten it in 23 years. When Carlos Lopes (Portugal) set the world record in 1985 with 2:07:12, the Korean record was 7 minutes and 47 seconds behind Lee’s 2:14:59.
In 1988, Belayneh Den Samo (Ethiopia) ran 2:06:50, a record that stood for about 10 years until Lee Bong-ju ran 2:07:44 in April 1998. The gap widened when Ronaldo da Costa (BRA) clocked 2:06:05 in September of that year, but for a brief moment, he was less than a minute off the world record. But while Korean marathons stagnated in the 21st century, the world quickly moved ahead. As former national marathoner Kim Won-sik explains, “Korean physical conditions are not unfavorable for marathons. If you’re taller, you have more air resistance,” said Kim Won-sik, a former national marathon team commentator, “and young prospects can improve their performance by repeatedly training at high altitude.”